CHILD Study

Human milk fungi: environmental determinants and inter-kingdom associations with milk bacteria.

**Background:** Fungi constitute an important yet frequently neglected component of the human microbiota with a possible role in health and disease. Fungi and bacteria colonise the infant gastrointestinal tract in parallel, yet most infant microbiome …

Composition and Variation of the Human Milk Microbiome is Influenced by Maternal and Early Life Factors

Breastmilk contains a complex community of bacteria that may help seed the infant gut microbiota. The composition and determinants of milk microbiota are poorly understood. Among 393 mother-infant dyads from the CHILD cohort, we found that milk …